The influence of John Marshall of Virginia changed the course of American federalism. Marshall’s input came as a result of complaints that the Constitution was too ambiguous. His leadership was evident during the last-minute expansion of the judiciary for the federalists in 1801 (U.S. History). Therefore, federalism under the Marshall court was a balanced one with powers for both the federal and state governments and enhanced the position of the United States Supreme Court.
Federalism under the Marshall courts refers to a balanced system providing the federal government with enough power for national and international functions. The system also preserved enough powers for the state governments that could enable them to sufficiently protect their citizens, health, and welfare (U.S. History). In allowing the states to cater to the needs of their citizens, the balance in federalism allowed some powers to the state governments. Therefore, giving both the federal and state governments some power while withholding some from the ensured that the federal government could not overpower the state governments, leading to a balance.
Federalism under Marshall Court outlined a clear distinction between the branches of the federal government, enhancing the position of the United States Supreme Court. Marshall’s decision ensured that the United States Supreme Court achieved a higher status in the national system. His decisions as a Chief Justice shaped the relationship of the judiciary to the federal government. As a Chief Justice, Marshall’s decisions held that the Judiciary Act of 1789 was inconsistent with the Constitution and, therefore, the court could not compel executives to act (U.S. History). The decision ensured the establishment principle of judicial review on Congressional laws.
In summary, the federalism under the Marshall court ensured a balanced system and an improved position for the United States Supreme Court. The federal system, advocated by Marshall, ensured powers for both the federal and state government. It led to a distinction of the branches of the federal government. Therefore, its establishment of the principle of judicial review ensured the constitutionality of Congressional laws, ensuring a balance.
U.S. History. "A Federalist Stronghold: John Marshall's Supreme Court [ushistory.org]." U.S.History.org, 2021, www.ushistory.org/us/20e.asp. Accessed 2 Nov. 2021.
This essay is written by the student of the University of Central Florida